Places near Querença, Loulé: São Braz de Alportel Town Photos and History
São Brás de Alportel is a Portuguese town in the district of Faro, the Algarve region, with about 10 000 people.
It is the head of a municipality with 150.05 kilometers ² and 10 032 habitants (2001), one of five municipalities in Portugal with only a single parish. It is bordered to the north and east by the Municipality of Tavira, on the southeast by Olhão, Faro in the south and west of Loulé, bordering Loulé, in the parishes of Salir, Saint Sebastian and Querença neighborhood which is the parish seat nearest.
Sao Bras has been identified with the Muslim village mentioned in chronicles as Šanbraš (Xanbrache).
The first documentary reference on Alportel date of 1518, when he was Grand Master of the Order of Santiago, Dom Jorge, illegitimate son of King John II. São Brás was then a chapel attached to the Church of Santa Maria de Faro. In the reign of King John II, São Brás goes for the direct control of the Crown, entering the assets of the queens, as the King Dom Afonso III has not confirmed the the donation of the location to the Order of Santiago, which had been made by King Sancho II.
In 1591, Bishop Francisco Cano ordered that the Church of São Bras to put a tabernacle, which is essential for the temple could be raised to church. Thus were born the village of Sao Bras. In 1601, a bull granted by Bishop Jonathan Moniz de Mascarenhas, Sao Bras is no longer referred to as a temple or church, but as a place. Years before, since 1577, the dictionaries chorography call it neighborhood or place. In the year 1607 gives the separation of some villages that belong to the county, their regions of origin.
The contemporary history of São Brás de Alportel has its origin in 1912 when Mr Machado Santos presented to Congress a draft law for the creation of the county de Alportel, who was then a rural village's most populous municipality of Faro (which would be subtracted) and even the whole country, both in the area, both in population (at the time was about 12 500 inhabitants). Machado Santos, who was a great friend of John sambrasense Rosa Beatriz, engaged in doing great work until he reached the realization of their desires.
On June 1, 1914 is published in the Government's lifting of arms municipality of São Bras with the name of de Alportel municipality established in the village of Sao Bras, hence the name of São Brás de Alportel. The first administrator of the new county was the alportense John Rosa Beatriz, who was later Consul in Morocco.
In São Brás de Alportel there is also an Ethnographic Museum of Algarve traditional clothes, which is installed in the house António Bentes.
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