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Algarve Portugal Monuments Alvor Castle Portimão

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Algarve Travel Tour Guide Presents: Culture, National Monuments of Portugal and the Algarve History
Monuments to visit near Querença, Loulé

Photo of Castelo de Castelo de Alvor, Algarve, Portugal.

The Castelo de Alvor, also known as Castle or Fort Albur Alvor, located in the village and parish of Alvor, Portimão Municipality, Distrito de Faro, Portugal.

A dominant position on a hill, opposite the Atlantic Ocean, is considered a significant military monument in the Algarve, with its history linked to the nearby Castle of Silves.

Archeological research showed that early human occupation of this site is very old, having been located here Ipses, an important trade center pre-Roman fortified, which maintained its activity during the Roman occupation and beyond. At the time of Muslim occupation, the defensive system of this village is thickened but not yet fully understood by scholars: the protection afforded by the Moorish castle was further strengthened by bastions, between this and the sea.

The medieval castle
In the context of the campaign of the conquest of Silves, Sancho I of Portugal (1185-1211), tried to take Alvor since 1187. Later, with the reinforcement of an army of crusaders from Denmark and Friesland, attacked and captured the Castle Beach (1189), anticipating the siege and storm the castle of Silves, depending on who enroll. The position of Silves was held by Christians until 1191.

Although it has remained as one of the biggest towns in the Algarve, because of its excellent harbor, and died here King John II (1481-1495), were not found information about the evolution of military architecture of the village and its castle.

At the time of the Iberian Union at the turn of the sixteenth century to the seventeenth century, in the context of conflict between Spain and the powers of the north, the Algarve's sea fortifications were modernized and strengthened. About Alvor, Alexandre Massai, Neapolitan military engineer in the service of Spain, said his defense fortezinho as a small, square (description of the Kingdom of the Algarve ..., 1621), ineffective on the ability of the artillery of the time. This reason contributed to the abandonment of the structure, in favor of new fortifications, the power concentrated at key points on the south coast of Portugal.

With the loss of its defensive function, the castle was gradually being enveloped by the growth in population over the centuries, had fallen into ruins.

The castle has a quadrangular, with its walls, the Islamic fashion, with raised irregular stone blocks arranged horizontally, rising to more than five feet high in several passages. The existence of a walkway is raised by the existence of a staircase adjoining the southern sector of the wall, although the current state of the monument is not to suggest that the walls were battlements.

The main door of entry in the elbow, is the last remaining original element, believed to have been originally defended by a watchtower. To the east, there are the remains of a tower that, according to their height, would have allowed the observation of the movement in the bay.

It is believed that the current Castle Alvor corresponds only to the early Islamic fortress. The village also must have been originally surrounded by a ring of walls, which did not come until today.

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Magniwork Energy internet scam

Internet fraudsters are raking in thousands of dollars a day with an elaborate scam selling magnetic perpetual motion machines that are claimed to produce infinite free energy.

Since spring this year an operation called Magniwork has been selling a $50 DIY guide to building a perpetual motion device at home. On their web-site the fraudsters claim the materials are available in any local hardware store for less than $100. One estimate puts sales of the guide as high as 5,000 copies a month, making the scam worth up to $3m a year.

The claims for Magniwork are advanced via an extensive Google advertising campaign, and a network of blogs, web-sites and reviews endorsing the product. They are given further credibility by a clip of film from Sky News Australia about plans for a similar product made by a legitimate if optimistic research company called Lutec. Lutec patented its technology in 19 countries in 1999, but the product has still not seen the light of day. Off-Grid has discovered that the clip is over 8 years old.

Perpetual motion machine

Magniwork which describes its product as ‘a magnetic power generator’ claims to have invented a revolutionary off-grid power source that uses magnets to “power itself and create energy by itself, without requiring solar energy, heat, water, coal or any kind of resource.” The web-site promises the device will generate perpetual energy which will “fully power your home for free.”

However even the idea of such a device is dismissed by trained physicists. “The little explanation they give on their website makes no sense to me,” said Gunnar Pruessner, a lecturer in physics at Imperial College London. “For starters it breaks with all we know about quantum physics since Dirac, which says that we cannot tap into zero point fluctuations or virtual particles.”

Priceless IP

He observed that if the claims were true, they would mark the biggest advance in science ever. “It would bring a world-wide socio-economic revolution with incalculable political consequences. So you have to ask why are they scuzzing around selling their priceless IP (intellectual property) for a few dollars?”

Made in Macedonia

The site gives no way of contacting Magniwork -other than to order the guide. But its legal disclaimer reveals that despite the .com web address which suggests a US-based company, Magniwork is in fact located in Macedonia, a tiny republic on the northern border of Greece in Europe. “This Agreement shall all be governed and construed in accordance with the laws of Macedonia applicable to agreements made and to be performed in Macedonia,” it reads. It has similarly proved difficult to identify the individuals behind the scheme. But one researcher claims to have written to the site’s web-master who referred in his reply to a man simply called “Igor”, the manual’s publisher.

Kernel of truth

Angry customers admit that the guide does contain kernels of truth. “Some of the suggestions in the e-book can reduce your home power consumption. For example, checking for air leaks, have better home insulation, servicing your air-conditioning unit or heate etc,”wrote one. But is it essentially amateurish and misleading, they say. “The whole “document” is 57 pages long and looks like something a kid in high school put together. The final “generator” is basically a magnet that is 2″ high sitting on a turntable that is 4″ high! They claim that its output is 24.5 Watts! That is 1/100th of what my house uses when the AC is on. It wouldn’t put out enough power to light up a standard light bulb,“ wrote another angry blogger. Fraudulent

Alternative energy expert Sterling D. Allan founder of The New Energy Congress has examined Magniwork’s claims. “Most of the 50+ page manual contains energy conservation tips that are based on well-established principles,” he said. But he points out that plans for the device are freely available elsewhere, they are based on other people’s work and he claims to have tried to contact people offering testimonials, without success. “The wording on their site still gives the reader the idea that the plans will result in a working free energy device but that is not the case. Such representation is fraud,” he concluded.

Although highly implausible, the idea of somehow harvesting magnetic power has intrigued scientists for over a century. It was first suggested by pioneering physicist Nicola Tesla in the nineteenth century. Australian company Lutec is still trying to perfect such a device. And U.S based based Magnetic Power Inc, headed by Mark Goldes, has claimed to be on the verge of launching a ‘Magnetic Power Module’ for at least six years. There is no suggestion that either Lutec or MPI are part of the scam.