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Algarve Portugal Monuments Paderne Castle Albufeira

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Algarve Travel Tour Guide Presents: Culture, National Monuments and History of Algarve, Portugal.
Monuments to visit near Querença

Paderne Castle (open to the public)

Castle Paderne in the Algarve, located in the city and parish of the same name, Municipality of Albufeira, Distrito de Faro, Portugal.

It stands in a dominant position on the riverside of Quarteira, about two miles south of the city. One of the seven castles represented on the flag of Portugal, its ruins, reddish in color, is one of the most significant examples of Muslim military architecture in the Iberian Peninsula, especially in the landscape as a warning of arrival at the Algarve for anyone who enters the Path of Infante, coming from the A2. The scenic effect is multiplied evening, thanks to lighting installed by the Tourism Region of the Algarve.

The castle was built in mud by the Almohads between the eleventh and twelfth century, during the last phase of Muslim occupation of the peninsula, controlling the old Roman road which crossed the river at Quarteira for a bridge to the south east. During this period, the progress of the Christian Reconquista led to the building of a defensive line of fortifications built by midsize and rural character of the region, of which this is one of the best examples.

The medieval castle
The earliest reference about the castle dates back to 1189 when it was conquered in a fierce night assault by the forces of King D Sancho I (1185-1211), with the help of a squadron of English crusaders. This domain, however, was short-lived, as early as 1191, was recovered by the Almohad forces under the command of Caliph Abu Yusuf Ya'qub al-Mansur.

Your can define for the Portuguese Crown was only under the reign of D. Afonso III (1248-1279) with the conquest by the Master of the Order of Santiago, D. Palo Peres Correia in 1248, starting the repopulation of the region.

Under the reign of D Dinis (1279-1325), the fields of the village and its castle, and the patronage of the church were donated by him to the Order of Avis, in the person of his Master, D. Lourenço Anes. Not enroll, however, in the period, rehabilitation works at the castle, as has occurred with the Alvor Castle  (1300), The Walls of Tavira Castle (1303) or Castro Marim (1303), but only a few buildings inside, as the building of the original chapel, now in ruins.

The fifteenth century to the present day
In the following century, introducing the cycle of the Portuguese discoveries, strategic concerns and economic focus on the back of the kingdom, Paderne losing its importance and its defensive function. Dropped from the sixteenth century, when the town moved to the current site, gradually fell into ruin in the following centuries. The process was exacerbated by the damage caused by the earthquake of 1755 the structure, especially its keep, as recorded by the Parish in 1758.

The ruins of the castle, consisting of some sections of walls, a watchtower and the walls of the chapel in its interior, which opened a cistern, filled, were classified as a Public Interest a decree on 22 November 1971.

The property was purchased by the Ministry of Culture, through IPPAR in September 1997. Since then, this body (the regional Faro) began to work on archaeological exploration (by Helena Maria Gomes Catarino, co-director with Isabel Ignatius and collaboration of Ricardo Teixeira), as part of a broader project wide, rehabilitation and recovery museum.

The castle has a quadrangular shape in plan irregular, organic, occupying an area of about 1,000 m². Besides the typical features of military architecture Almoáda, like mud walls, a watchtower square plan, which amounts to about ten meters to the east, and the port in the elbow angle opposite the tower, its remaining evidence influences the Gothic style and Manueline as the barbican advocating that port.

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Magniwork Energy internet scam

Internet fraudsters are raking in thousands of dollars a day with an elaborate scam selling magnetic perpetual motion machines that are claimed to produce infinite free energy.

Since spring this year an operation called Magniwork has been selling a $50 DIY guide to building a perpetual motion device at home. On their web-site the fraudsters claim the materials are available in any local hardware store for less than $100. One estimate puts sales of the guide as high as 5,000 copies a month, making the scam worth up to $3m a year.

The claims for Magniwork are advanced via an extensive Google advertising campaign, and a network of blogs, web-sites and reviews endorsing the product. They are given further credibility by a clip of film from Sky News Australia about plans for a similar product made by a legitimate if optimistic research company called Lutec. Lutec patented its technology in 19 countries in 1999, but the product has still not seen the light of day. Off-Grid has discovered that the clip is over 8 years old.

Perpetual motion machine

Magniwork which describes its product as ‘a magnetic power generator’ claims to have invented a revolutionary off-grid power source that uses magnets to “power itself and create energy by itself, without requiring solar energy, heat, water, coal or any kind of resource.” The web-site promises the device will generate perpetual energy which will “fully power your home for free.”

However even the idea of such a device is dismissed by trained physicists. “The little explanation they give on their website makes no sense to me,” said Gunnar Pruessner, a lecturer in physics at Imperial College London. “For starters it breaks with all we know about quantum physics since Dirac, which says that we cannot tap into zero point fluctuations or virtual particles.”

Priceless IP

He observed that if the claims were true, they would mark the biggest advance in science ever. “It would bring a world-wide socio-economic revolution with incalculable political consequences. So you have to ask why are they scuzzing around selling their priceless IP (intellectual property) for a few dollars?”

Made in Macedonia

The site gives no way of contacting Magniwork -other than to order the guide. But its legal disclaimer reveals that despite the .com web address which suggests a US-based company, Magniwork is in fact located in Macedonia, a tiny republic on the northern border of Greece in Europe. “This Agreement shall all be governed and construed in accordance with the laws of Macedonia applicable to agreements made and to be performed in Macedonia,” it reads. It has similarly proved difficult to identify the individuals behind the scheme. But one researcher claims to have written to the site’s web-master who referred in his reply to a man simply called “Igor”, the manual’s publisher.

Kernel of truth

Angry customers admit that the guide does contain kernels of truth. “Some of the suggestions in the e-book can reduce your home power consumption. For example, checking for air leaks, have better home insulation, servicing your air-conditioning unit or heate etc,”wrote one. But is it essentially amateurish and misleading, they say. “The whole “document” is 57 pages long and looks like something a kid in high school put together. The final “generator” is basically a magnet that is 2″ high sitting on a turntable that is 4″ high! They claim that its output is 24.5 Watts! That is 1/100th of what my house uses when the AC is on. It wouldn’t put out enough power to light up a standard light bulb,“ wrote another angry blogger. Fraudulent

Alternative energy expert Sterling D. Allan founder of The New Energy Congress has examined Magniwork’s claims. “Most of the 50+ page manual contains energy conservation tips that are based on well-established principles,” he said. But he points out that plans for the device are freely available elsewhere, they are based on other people’s work and he claims to have tried to contact people offering testimonials, without success. “The wording on their site still gives the reader the idea that the plans will result in a working free energy device but that is not the case. Such representation is fraud,” he concluded.

Although highly implausible, the idea of somehow harvesting magnetic power has intrigued scientists for over a century. It was first suggested by pioneering physicist Nicola Tesla in the nineteenth century. Australian company Lutec is still trying to perfect such a device. And U.S based based Magnetic Power Inc, headed by Mark Goldes, has claimed to be on the verge of launching a ‘Magnetic Power Module’ for at least six years. There is no suggestion that either Lutec or MPI are part of the scam.