Monuments to visit near Querença, Loulé
Alcantarilha Castle Monument
The Alcantarilha Castle is located in Silves County. Photos, Architecture, Information and History of Silves County: Alcantarilha Castle Information and Photos
Castle Alcantarilha in the Algarve, located in the village of Alcantarilha, in the municipality of Silves, near Loulé, Albufeira, Lagoa and Armação de Pêra, Faro, Portugal.
Little-known monument, now in ruins, had as its objective the protection of the people of the village and surrounding area from attacks by pirates in the north of Africa.
Historical Background of Alcantarilha Castle
It is believed that the early human occupation of this site dates back to a pre-historic fort, built during the transition period from the Neolithic to the Chalcolithic. Although it is also believed to have been known to navigators Phoenicians, Greeks and Carthaginians, the conquest of the Lusitanian settlement in the context of Roman conquest of the Iberian peninsula have occurred in 198 BC, when it had established in camp or military base occupation, served by nearby port of Armação de Pêra.
History of the castle
At the time of the Muslim invasion of the Iberian Peninsula, is strategically located on the road that connected Faro and Silves, the two Islamic capital of the Algarve. The town developed as a function of the bridge that you have taken the name - al-Qantas today Alcantarilha - dating back to their original defensive wall of the twelfth century.
The medieval castle
At the time of the Christian reconquest of the Iberian peninsula was conquered from the Moors by the Master of the Order of Santiago, Dom Palo Peres Correia, during the reign of El Rey Dom Afonso III (1248-1279), which has determined the rebuilding of the castle.
At the end of the sixteenth century its walls were refurbished at the initiative of El Rey Don Sebastian (1568-1578) which, passing through Alcantarilha in 1573, determined that some improvements were proceeded in its defense
Restoration of independence from Portugal to the present
At the time of the War of Restoration of Portuguese independence, its defenses have been modernized and adapted to fire artillery.
It is believed that, like other monuments in the region, has suffered severe damage in the earthquake of 1755, which lacks detailed documentary research.
The castle reached in 1948 on condition. Since then, over the past decades, the evolution of the urban sacrificed large sections of the walls, and distorting the face of space-house, making this monument in ruins.
Classified as a Public Interest a decree on 29 September 1977, the remains of the castle demanding a comprehensive program of archaeological research for conveying issues such as his original occupation, their integration into the regional context of Islam, its transition to the ball Christian, abandonment and others.
Caractecteristicas History Castle Alcantarilha
Although it is unknown the exact conformation medieval arrived to this day a curved wall of cloth, about 12 meters long and 4.5 meters high, masonry limestone mortared with clay, which are addorsed several buildings of more modern times. In it rip a single door to the southeast of the main gate, masonry arched with punch, with iron barred door, window and a small square in the northwest, about 4 feet tall.
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